|Plan of the city walls after reconstruction in 1548. Use the sketch of the Cathedral in the centre to orient it to the map below.|
|The Yellow 'Ring Tram' follows the Ringstrasse, clockwise from Schwedenplatz. €8 per circuit.|
Image from the tourist brouchure http://www.wienerlinien.at/media/files/2014/folder_viennaringtram_120606.pdf
|Vizier Kara Mustafa Pasha|
At least he enjoyed wearing silk for
a long time before it strangled him.
The siege made a hero of Count Ernst Rudiger von Starhemberg who lead the Viennese guards as they held out against the massive Ottoman army for two months. Just as the Turks had succeeded in tunneling under the walls and blowing one section up, the King of Poland(Jan III Sobieski) turned up with the 'Holy League'. The tour guide said very little about the supporting forces but heralded Ernst as the savior of Western culture and Christianity because the Battle of Vienna was the beginning of the end of Turkish strongholds in Europe. A young 20yr old - Prince Eugene of Savoy - was serving in the Polish ranks after leaving the French court with a hatred of Loius IV. Leopold I(Austrian King) hated the French King as well so welcomed the young refugee. Prince Eugene would later see off the Turks from Europe in the Battle of Zenta and finally pushed out the Ottoman influence by besieging Belgrade. When the new Vizier's 200 000 troops turned up to help, Eugene marched his 40 000 troops through the fog and routed the surprised troops completely. This sealed his reputation as the greatest Austrian General ever.
|Left: King Jan III of Poland Right: Prince Eugene of Savoy|
|View from Upper Belvedere back towards the Old city, M is standing with his back to UB.|
|Left: Last night at the Opera Center: The Imperial, a five star hotel with many famous guests. Left: Rat Haus|
All these buildings face the Ringstrasse.
|The Burgtheater: Even though it is a champion of German language plays, the English Bard has a bust on display|
|Petal outside Stephensdom wishing we would hire the horse and carriage. We never did in the end - another time.|
|Freud's apartment building|
|Left: Anna and Sigmund arriving in Paris after leaving Vienna Center: Freud's couch now in the Freud Museum in London|
|Cover sheet for Willow's next |
Unfortunately Freud's incredible writing output and expansive reading was always accompanied by cigar smoking. After being diagnosed with cancer he tried to stop this habit but found that his fluency, concentration and speed were considerably diminished without that comforting suck, draw and blow action! The Nazi's annexed Austria and Freud found himself denied citizenship because of his Jewish ancestry. Luckily a wealthy friend, Princess Marie Bonaparte (Granddaughter of Napoleon's brother and wife of a Greek Prince.) negotiated with the Gestapo (these were early days in the Third Reich) and was able to purchase visas for Freud and his extended family to leave Vienna to exile in London with many of their possessions, including the famous couch. He only lived another 15 months, pneumonia got him as his cancer progressed but perhaps facing his own denial of the danger he and his family had been in from political aggression over the border and his expulsion from beloved Vienna; weakened his will to go on. His youngest daughter Anna continued to practice and develop his psychoanalysis methods, working mainly with children.
|Parliment House, with a statue of Wisdom out front in Grecian style. This clearer day image is from a tourist brochure.|